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Data Element Dictionary

Carnegie Classification (1994)
Format: Character - Size 2
Description: A code to the represent the classification of degree-granting, accredited institutions as defined by the Carnegie Foundation used in 1994. A new classification system was created in 2000.
Coding:   11 = Research Universities I - These institutions offer a full range of baccalaureate programs, are committed to graduate education thru the doctorate, and give high priority to research. They award 50 or more doctoral degrees each year. In addition, they receive annually $40 million or more in federal support.

  12 = Research Universities II - These institutions offer a full range of baccalaureate programs, are committed to graduate education thru the doctorate, and give high priority to research. They award 50 or more doctoral degrees each year. In addition, they receive annually between $15.5 million and $40 million in federal support.

  13 = Doctoral Universities I - These institutions offer a full range of baccalaureate programs and are committed to graduate education thru the doctorate. They award at least 40 doctoral degrees annually in five or more disciplines.

  14 = Doctoral Universities II - These institutions offer a full range of baccalaureate programs and are committed to graduate education thru the doctorate. They award annually at least 10 doctoral degrees (in three or more disciplines), or 20 or more doctoral degrees in one or more disciplines.

  21 = Master's (Comprehensive) Universities and Colleges I - These institutions offer a full range of baccalaureate programs and are committed to graduate education thru the master's degree. They award 40 or more master's degrees annually in three or more disciplines.

  22 = Master's (Comprehensive) Universities and Colleges II - These institutions offer a full range of baccalaureate programs and are committed to graduate education thru the master's degree. They award 20 or more master's degrees annually in one or more disciplines.

  31 = Baccalaureate (Liberal Arts) Colleges I - These institutions are primarily undergraduate colleges with major emphasis on baccalaureate degree programs. They award 40 percent or more of their baccalaureate degrees in liberal arts fields and are restrictive in admissions.

  32 = Baccalaureate Colleges II - These institutions are primarily undergraduate colleges with major emphasis on baccalaureate degree programs. They award less than 40 percent of their baccalaureate degrees in liberal arts fields or are less restrictive in admissions.

  40 = Associate of Arts Colleges - These institutions offer associate of arts certificate or degree programs and, with few exceptions, offer no baccalaureate degrees.

  51 = Theological seminaries, Bible colleges and other institutions offering degrees in religion - This category includes institutions at which the primary purpose is to offer religious instruction or train members of the clergy.

  52 = Medical schools and medical centers - These institutions award most of their professional degrees in medicine. In some instances, their programs include other health professional schools, such as dentistry, pharmacy, or nursing.

  53 = Other separate health profession schools - Institutions in this category award most of their degrees in such fields as chiropractic, nursing, pharmacy, or podiatry.

  54 = Schools of engineering and technology - Institutions in this category award at least a bachelor's degree in programs limited almost exclusively to technical fields of study.

  55 = Schools of business and management - The schools in this category award most of their bachelor's and graduate degrees in business or business-related programs.

  56 = Schools of art, music, and design - Institutions in this category award most of their bachelor's or graduate degrees in art, music, design, architecture, or some combination of such fields.

  57 = Schools of law - The schools in this category award most of their degrees in law. The list includes only institutions that are separate entities or campuses.

  58 = Teachers colleges - Institutions in this category award most of their bachelor's or graduate degrees in education or education-related fields.

  59 = Other specialized institutions - Institutions in this category include graduate centers, maritime academies, military institutes, and institutions that do not fit any other classification category.

  60 = Tribal colleges - These colleges are, with few exceptions, tribally controlled and located on reservations. They are all members of the American Indian Higher Education Consortium.

Table: Description of the table defining this element.

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